PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms and Treatment

What is Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s disease (also known as Parkinson disease, Parkinson’s, idiopathic parkinsonism, primary parkinsonism, PD or paralysis agitans) is a progressive debilitating neurodegenerative disorder of the motor system. The disease results in the loss of the neurons or nerve cells that contain dopamine in the substantia niera, the part of the brain that controls movement.

What causes Parkinson’s disease?

The cause is unknown though several factors are considered to be linked to the development of the disease. Approximately 15% of sufferers have a family history of the disease, but it has not been proven whether this is due to genetic or environmental factors. One theory is that environmental factors such as toxins play a part in the neurons ability to produce dopamine. Other theories focus on the neurons dying due to the aging process or because of exposure to free radicals. Though the causes of the disease have not been proven, the following factors increase the risk of Parkinson’s;

* Age
* Male
* Genetic link to a sufferer
* Stress
* Head trauma
* Environmental exposure to pesticides
* Rural living
* High fat diet

There are also three factors that have been associated with a decreased risk of Parkinson’s, these are cigarette smoking, anti-oxidants being present in diet and having measles early in life.

Parkinson’s disease Symptoms

Motor symptoms are the primary symptom, with tremors starting in one area (e.g. a hand or leg) and then developing in other parts of the body. However, not all tremors are due to Parkinson’s disease. Stiffness and slowness in movements are also symptoms of the disease and can cause cramps and soreness. Sufferers may develop issues with walking imbalance, feet shuffling and stooped posture. Parkinson’s disease may also cause swallowing difficulties and gastrointestinal problems such as constipation and incontinence. The disease may inhibit brain function and cause dementia. Sufferers may also experience fatigue, depression and emotional changes.

Car rental companies do provide dinner for toddlers, but will you look for it?

Of course, those of us with a good credit score can rent an RV and cook whenever we need food for the toddlers. That way, we can always take the emerging food preferences into account without undue waste and expense. It’s the same if we decide to go the route of camping. We can either pick the sites with cooking facilities or carry our own gas rings. Remember starting real fires in the middle of our current hot summer is not likely to endear us to Park Rangers and others trying to prevent wildfires from starting. So this gives you a shopping list of possible makes and models to shop for at the car rental agencies if you propose carrying outdoor cooking equipment.

Otherwise you load the people into the vehicle and set off into the wild blue yonder, full of the joys of the road and hope in your hearts. Those of you with toddlers will know they are just learning about the world and beginning to take some control over how they relate to it. One of the first symptoms of toddler control comes in emerging taste preferences. This is not to say any child should have a say over what gets put on the plate, but practical reality may call for some negotiation over how much is eaten. Most children go through phases of being picky. Many never seem to emerge from this phase. If you’re lucky, the child will only eat something available at every diner or restaurant. This may be macaroni cheese which has the benefit of being relatively cheap and nutritious, or it may be junk food which will encourage faster growth around the waist. Either way, you need food storage in the vehicle you rented so that, if there’s a mutiny and all outside food is refused, you can fall back on snacks when the real hunger kicks in.

Hopefully, the car rental companies offered guidance on the diners and restaurants offering child-friendly portions at reasonable price. If not, spend time on the internet searching out the likely places to eat. Never assume all diners will cater for your toddlers.

Jobs & Career Employment After You Have Graduated From University

University graduates are still sought after, which makes a degree in this difficult financial climate worth its weight in gold. Graduate positions have actually increased over the last year, during the recession, and this is leading companies promoting their HR policies of capturing the best minds straight from university.

Jobs in IT, accounting, mechanical engineering, bio sciences are particularly impressive for the graduate as firms in these sectors offer high salaries and many graduate services that announce jobs, like MilkRound will advertise all of these particular jobs. Some jobs are obviously with companies that could feel the pain of the credit crunch but with any gain of experience, you will become immediately more employable even if the worst does happen to you.

Obviously qualifications and skills will get you so far, but with many graduates applying for the same jobs, how can you set yourself apart and differently then the rest? Well the answer is in your character traits, and making them visible to the recruiter. An attitude of enthusiasm, self- motivation and determination will go a long way in any job interview, some companies who offer jobs at entry level, will make a decision based on this alone!

Obviously verbal and writing skills are a necessity and having problem solving skills and being a team player will also endear you to the employer. It is also important to apply for jobs that you are skilled to do. Obviously jobs with 40k salaries look great and you’d love to be on that one, but you need to stay realistic and gain experience in your first few years after university, so apply for jobs you are happy to do.

If you have a Masters degree of an even higher education award then larger businesses in certain sectors may head hunt you, this is certainly true in the past in the banking, insurance and retail management positions. If you have just a bachelors degree then there are many opportunities out there but it will take you longer to get there!

Emergency Response Systems For The Elderly

Emergency response systems are used to summon assistance during an emergency situation. An emergency response system is an electronic gadget and it is easy to operate. This device is also known as a Personal Emergency Response System. An emergency alert system is a basic no-fuss instrument as this device is specifically aimed at senior citizens and disabled people who live alone. This gadget is devised to provide immediate response as well as protection in case of any crisis. The emergency response system for elderly is a wise investment.

It will help the individual to get immediate medical assistance during an event of an accident. Because the longer the patient is left untreated, the intensity of the damage increases. Getting immediate help can make a difference between permanent damage and complete recovery. The emergency response system for elderly offers easy and instant access to help when the disaster strikes. People suffering from any serious medical condition or incapable of physical movements can use Medical Emergency Response System. Lightweight and portability are the two best features of emergency response systems that make it all the more comfortable. These devices are also available as medical alert jewelries. It can come in the form of a bracelet, necklace and so on. Your loved one certainly won’t feel awkward and self-conscious while wearing this medical alert jewelry. There are two kinds of emergency response systems available – monitored and the non-monitored. The non-monitored emergency system has two sections: • A handy radio transmitter with a built-in speaker phone • A console that has a connection to the phone line During an accident the user has to press the button of the transmitter sending a wireless signal to the console. Then the call is directly transferred to the 911 emergency services and the user can directly communicate with the 911 operator. There are three basic elements in a monitored emergency system: • A radio transmitter equipped with a help button • A console connected to the phone line • Connection to an emergency response center to receive the alert call During any emergency situation the user presses the “Help” button of the transmitter. This emergency button for elderly generates a wireless signal that is converted by the console into a digital signal. Then the digital signal is transmitted through the phone line to the monitoring center. The operator at the monitoring center talks to the individual to understand the intensity of the situation and the kind of assistance needed. In case the user cannot be communicated, the caregivers are alerted by the monitoring center. If the center fails to contact any caregiver, it immediately informs the appropriate emergency help like paramedics and so on. The emergency button for elderly sends signal to the center incase there is no speaker in the alert system. It is always a good idea to invest in an emergency response system. It can contact the emergency services if needs arise and immediate help can save your loved one.

Tips on Finding The Right Toronto Moving Company Or Right Toronto Movers To Help You

It is important to find a professional Toronto moving company because the process of moving to a new home or office can be overwhelming. However, contracting a professional long distance moves company can make anyone anxious no matter where you live. You are entrusting your properties to other people after all.

Hopefully, the tips below will help you find Toronto movers that will make your transition to your new house a happy one.

1. If you check for moving companies online, in newspapers, or from radio and TV ads, be sure to get their office address. It is also better to find addresses that are nearer your old place so that you can check on them easily.

2. The distance of your old place, your new place and the location of the moving company’s garage is important because the company will have to consider travel time and gas expenses.

3. Once you visit the mover company’s office, you can check the quality of its facilities. You can find out if it’s moving trucks are in good condition and what kind of packing equipment it uses.

4. A good moving company will not charge you if you ask for estimates. If it is good, its representatives will visit your old place to have an idea of what kinds of furniture and appliances you need to move. This will help the company figure out what kinds of trucks and equipments to use.

5. Your visits to the movers at their office, and their visits to your home will give you a clue on what kinds of employees they have. A good moving company has employees who are respectful of you and your belongings.

6. Ask the long distance mover company about its insurance policies in case one of your belongings breaks or gets lots in the process.

7. Ask them also for discounts and special promos. Some mover companies have non-peak days like in the middle of the week or the month when their rates are lower.

8. Ask them about how they pack your things. What kinds of boxes do they use? How do they protect your things from breaking? How do they systematize and organize your belongings?

It is important to study a moving company’s services from when it gets your things from your old house to when they unpack your things to your new house.

You will know that you have a good moving company when it has good customer feedback, fair rates and professional crew of drivers and movers.

To know if a moving company’s rates are fair, visit and ask several companies about their rates and services and then compare for the best option. You can also ask your friends who have gotten the services of moving companies before, or check for Internet forums about people’s experiences with local moving companies.

In the end, your experience with moving company will confirm your decisions. Did they make your relocation easier? Or did they add more stress to it?

Drug Addiction Treatment Facilities For Teenagers in Rehab

Teen drug addiction treatment includes methadone maintenance, drug-free programs and psychological treatments. These drug addiction treatment facilities are offered to any kind of alcohol abuse in teens. Public and private sectors are offering various addiction treatment facilities for struggling teenagers, which is very helpful and supportive to recover from addictions.

All the treatments are professionally designed with years of experience in treating drug addicted teens. Specialists design a treatment approach for each individual based on the initial analysis of teen addiction. Majority of drug rehab centers provide various result oriented facilities such as boarding programs, day programs, individual support, good playgrounds, clinical facilities which bring a new change in teenagers.

The boarding facilities of these rehab centers are very attractive and helpful. Most of these boarding rehab centers offer twenty four hour helpline services to drug addicted teens. Drug addiction treatments offered by Christian rehab centers are flexible for any kind of alcohol abusers. These Christian rehabs offer price less services to affordable cost. Most of the alcohol rehabs are state funded and offer various flexible financial options to drug addicted teens. They provide some special facilities for families with low income and experiencing various types of addiction problems.

The counseling services offered by the alcohol rehabs help teen addicts and families to understand the importance of alcohol addiction treatments in a specialized drug rehabs. Most of the addiction treatment centers offer same kind of facilities for boys and girls experiencing addictions. There are some single gender addiction treatment centers are also available for the disordered teenagers.

These single gender centers are very helpful for girls. They provide all necessary and modern addiction treatment facilities to teens with the help of drug addiction treatment specialists. The staff members of these centers are very caring, helpful and experienced in changing most of the addicted teens to responsible individuals.

Most of the drug treatment schools are very old and have good experience in helping addicted teens. Number of addiction treatment centers is increasing day by day as the addicts are increasing rapidly. At this crucial time choosing a recognized and experienced drug rehab is essential to come out of these drug addictions in a professional approach.

Dog Friendly Apps

Conveniently, there are many apps out on the market that are “pet” friendly. Our society enjoys the companionship that both dogs and cats have to offer. That is why companies have begun to help people who love their four-legged companions. Now help is at the convenience of a push of a button.

Traveling with your pup

If you are traveling with your pup, not all of the hotels you pass are going to let your canine friend stay in the room with you. That’s why “Android” has provided some apps that let you locate pet friendly places to stay for the night. “Hotel Planner” is an application designed to locate hotels nearest you.You can even save yourself a room at your convenience. The bonus is that the application informs you of their rules and regulations on your trusty companion. This can prevent the hassle of searching for a place for you and your canine friend to stay for the evening.

You’re tired, your pup is tired, you don’t want to be hotel hopping in the middle of the night. You can get ahead by being prepared for your next trip. “Hotel Booking” is another “Android” application that offers similar options, most importantly, being able to locate a nice place for you to spend the eve with your puppy.

Applications by “iPhone” do not yet provide pet friendly hotel locations, but do make your stay in an unfamiliar area more pleasant for you and your doggy. “Paw Trotter” seems to be the most universal app. It provides locations for all kinds of pet oriented locations that range from parks to veterinarian’s offices.If you are out of town, but still seeking some quality time with your pup, this application allows you to search for places throughout the United States.

If you come across a new location, they even ask you to submit it as an addition to their provider. ”Off Leash” is another application that uses GPS to specifically search for the five nearest dog friendly parks so that you can get your morning walk in, or enjoy a good game of fetch while out on the road.
Instant answers

If the worst situation happened to occur, “iPhone” offers an application called “PetMD.” It provides information that can help you help your canine friend in a bad scenario. This application may be a handy tool, especially if you are traveling and are not close to a veterinarian that you may trust. While traveling, a “pet doctor” is not always conveniently around. This application provides you with information that can range from broken bones to snake bites, so that you can assist your four-legged friend until you can get them to the vet. Optionally, “iPhone” offers an app called “Pet Notebook” that stores important information such as shot updates for your companion. This saves the hassle of carrying paperwork with you as you and your doggy enjoy a vacation away from home.

Whether you are on a business trip, or just getting away from the monotony of home, there are several phone applications that provide you and your friendly companion a safe and fun trip. Enjoy and Woof!

Information On Merchant Account Loans

For an entrepreneur, there are always instances wherein he or she would require additional funds in order to sustain or even help start up his or her new business. Unsecured business loans provide such additional funding with far less requirements that traditional sources of funding usually ask for. It is a process that is somehow ironic, but not quite untrue. In order to make money, one has to have money, and in order to create a business that would make you money, you have to have money to get it off the ground.

Loans are there to provide you the money that you would need to put up your own enterprise, but you have to have an established business history in order to secure a loan from traditional lenders, an established business history that you can only get if you have a business to establish it with. This, of course, puts new potential business owners in a very tough position. A merchant account loan, or unsecured business loan, gives new entrepreneurs a chance, and the money that they need, at starting up their own business. Unlike with traditional lenders, this loan can be acquired in a matter of mere days with a lot less hassle.

When an individual wants to start up a new business, there are several options available to him or her to acquire capital. There are friends and family who they can turn to for financial support. Many people also suggest the use of an entrepreneurs own retirement accounts or savings to start off the business, and even credit card advances for the funds. What all of these things have in common is the great deal of personal and financial risk involved. By covering all the bases, applying a little foresight to planning, we can all surmise that all new businesses have a huge chance at failure, regardless of how sound the business strategy is or how innovative or time tested the product or service offered actually is.

If your business does fail, how will that affect your relationship with the people you asked assistance from? How will it affect your own personal financial security? Merchant account loans provide a safer alternative. It is a form of credit card factoring that focuses on small businesses, making it a more viable option for entrepreneurs that are just starting out.

So how do merchant account loans work? As mentioned, it is a form of credit card factoring. This is a business practice wherein the small business owner sells all his or her upcoming Visa or MasterCard receivables. They sell these receivables at a discount, and by doing so, allowing these new entrepreneurs to acquire the money that they need within days. One advantage of this kind of loan is that these usually carry with it a very flexible payment term, the basis of the terms are dependent on the daily credit card revenues. It is customary that the credit card factoring agency require the business owner to make use of is or her credit card processors exclusively for the purposes of record keeping. To determine daily repayment amounts for the loan, it is vital that the record of purchases is as accurate as possible.

Merchant account loans are the ideal way for new entrepreneurs to have access to their funds. These new entrepreneurs acquire their much needed finances in a matter of days thanks to the merchant account loan, and they do not even need to establish a good business history to get approved. Even the lack of a high credit rating is not a huge factor when it comes to these loans. Since the repayment is based upon the merchant or the entrepreneurs credit card revenues, no matter how good or how badly the business does in terms of revenue, repayment of the loan would not carry with it as much of an impact on the entrepreneurs finances as it does with loans from traditional lenders, who usually have a set date and specific terms for payment.

If you are a small business owner or an individual who is thinking about putting up his or her own small business but worries about raising the appropriate start up funding, then merchant account loans just may be the ideal alternative for you. You get the money you need relatively quicker, and the risks are definitely much lower. With such a decreased processing time and approval rate, anyone can easily obtain a merchant account loan and proceed to putting up that business that they have always dreamed of.

Airport Apps: A Win-Win for the Travel Industry

Unpredictable weather, long security lines and extremely time sensitive logistical planning makes it easy to imagine that your last trip to the airport could have involved overstressed airport staff rescheduling a flight for a bunch of cranky travelers that cannot understand why they have to spend the night in Frankfurt and pay 10 euros for a 4-pack of batteries.

It’s not the same at every airport, but I have a feeling we’ve all been there at some point in our travel history. This being said, mobile apps provide airports with a huge opportunity to simplify the travel experience as well as provide travel services and tools to minimize stress.

Receive delay notifications on your mobile before leaving the house
Look for alternative flights when your flight is cancelled
Pre-purchase your ticket for the Heathrow Express on your tablet
Breeze through security with your digital boarding pass
Forward yourself your flight, hotel and car rental info an automatically create a travel itinerary
Snap a pic of your parking spot and tag on a map with GPS
Receive a discount coupon from Starbucks after checking-in at the airport via Facebook

What’s really exciting about this space is that all the features listed above already exist and would impact your travel experience in such a positive way.

But if you took a second to think about what’s to come with NFC, QR codes and ERP solutions – mobile could literally revolutionize what we know today as ‘just another trip to the airport.’

Airport apps: It’s win-win

While the ‘Time Killer App’ you played during your 2-hour delay in Amsterdam was a life-saver, the reality now-a-days is that we are always connected to our mobile devices. Airports can take advantage of this opportunity to positively impact their bottom line pre-during-and-post travel by:

Leveraging the unique power of mobile to increase revenue generation
Creating a richer channel for affiliate merchants to reach the consumer
Anticipating delay drivers, plan preventive actions and take recovery measures
Providing cutting edge customer service

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This means push notifications for final boarding calls, rich promotional splash pages for seasonal offers, coupon system for airport shops, integrating booking engines for flights, hotels and transportation as well as providing city guides, airport maps and weather information for all arrival and departure cities.

How to get it right

This is a business critical app that would differentiate any airport from its peers if it effectively aligned business priorities with the evolving needs of their customers.

Accurate real-time data mixed with valuable content
Entice travelers to purchase and pre-reserve products or services
Ensure travelers get the most out of their airport visit

From there – the sky is the limit.